Passenger arrivals at Port Chalmers,
New Zealand, March 1848 - January 1851
(An expanded and corrected version of Dr Hocken's lists)
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*Includes a graphic of the New Zealand Company poster which advertised the Ajax sailing.
**Includes list of the Mooltan crew
Note that Dr Hocken's lists did not include the four ships which arrived later in 1851 with emigrants for Otago: Stately (8 passengers), Dominion (13 passengers), Clara (9 passengers) and Simlah (33 passengers).
|In an appendix to
his 1898 book, 'Contributions to the Early History of New Zealand (Otago)', Dr
Thomas Morland Hocken
published lists of passenger arrivals from vessels despatched from Great Britain to the
settlement of Otago, between 1847 and 1850. These ships arrived at Port Chalmers between
March 1848 and January 1851.
Hocken gave additional information about what some individuals did between their arrival and 1898. He also noted where some individuals were living in 1898. The first occupation listed against passengers' names appears to have been that given at the time of embarkation.
Hocken's lists were not accurate. They were probably compiled from a combination of the original New Zealand Company embarkation lists, and arrival lists published by Dunedin newspapers. The embarkation lists were probably reasonably accurate, although some names were no doubt spelled wrongly. Newspapers only listed cabin passenger arrivals by name, while steerage passengers were anonymously lumped together, for example: "...and 102 emigrants". Newspaper lists could be incorrect, sometimes because of confusion between people staying in Otago and others who were to sail on to later destinations such as Wellington.
The original lists did not include the occasional sailor who stayed in Dunedin. For instance, Robert McDowall, an apprentice seaman on the Mooltan, remained in Dunedin and became the town's third schoolteacher. As information on sailors who remained in Dunedin comes available, they are being added to the lists.
A good deal of Hocken's information regarding later professions, marriages, places of residence etc, was based on other people's recollections, and mistakes were certainly made. For example, in the course of researching the Mooltan's passenger list from my own book, 'Going Abroad', I made quite a few corrections, based on information given to me by descendants of the ship's passengers, and from cross referencing with the New Zealand company embarkation lists.
Ages given are as at the date of embarkation in Britain. Passengers who died on the voyage are not included (except for the Mooltan voyage, where they are included and marked with an asterix).
In spite of their limitations, Hocken's lists are
are useful starting point for people seeking basic information about the arrivals of
Otago's earliest settlers.
The format of these lists is changed from that employed by Hocken, to improve clarity. One difference is that, here, all passengers on individual ships are listed in alphabetical order. Hocken had groupings of passengers, with each group roughly in alphabetical order. He did not label his groupings, but they broadly coincided with passenger classes – e.g. chief cabin, fore-cabin, steerage (paying) and steerage (assisted). If you need this level of information, refer to Hocken's book, which will be available in many New Zealand libraries. Be warned, though, that Hocken's groupings are not always exclusive or accurate!
Abbreviations used by Hocken included: m. married; unm. unmarried; d. died; NSW: New South Wales; ag. engaged in agricultural pursuits, whether as a farm labourer, small farmer, or general labourer. (Note, however, that some quite large scale farmers were also labelled 'ag.' by Hocken.)
Marriages made by ship passengers subsequent to their arrival in New Zealand are generally not given. Exceptions are (a) where Dr Hocken actually listed such marriages; and (b) where marriages took place between people who travelled on any of the ships which arrived up until January 1851.
All dates given in the lists are in the dd/mm/yyyy format.
Most of the ships also carried passengers for other destinations in New Zealand. For instance, the Kelso had 39 passengers for Nelson, two for Wellington and 18 for New Plymouth.
Readers who have corrections or additional
information for these lists are invited to contact us.
Copyright © Ngaio Press, 2006